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Hydrogen and solar energy kit

In this post I will make an unboxing of a hydrogen and solar energy kit. This kit serve to make experiences with solar energy and a hydrogen fuel cell.

Materials

These are the kit’s materials. The blue block is the hydrogen cell, the white big parts are support and the white box with wires is to 2 AA batteries.

Also has a CD with instructions.

Following the assembly guide

I will assembly the kit following the assembly guide in paper. The cell in the support.

I put rubber hoses cut and pins in the cell to inject water.

Plastic cylinders in the support.

It is necessary to use distilled water to put in the cell.

Putting distilled water in the cylinders and hydrogen cell.

Are needed two hoses in equal size.

The module assembled.

The next step is to supply the hydrogen and solar energy kit with an electric voltage, you can use solar panel or batteries. But since there wasn`t Sun in the time I build, I used 2 AA rechargeable batteries in series. To know how solar panels work click in this button.

Solar panel (Part 1) Solar panel (Part 1)Click here

This is the video showing the supply of hydrogen cell and after this same cell supplying a DC motor.

 

How the hydrogen fuel cell works?

Now I will explain how the cell from hydrogen and solar energy kit works. A hydrogen cell converts the hydrogen and oxygen gases in electrical energy by a reaction known as electrolysis. The cell has cathode and anode electrodes, which have channels to flux of water, oxidizer and non-used fuel and have backing layers.

You can make a stack of cells.

Between the electrodes there is a polymeric electrolytic membrane which has the function of transfer protons to a side to another. The electrolyte material can be a polymer with H_{3}O^+, phosphoric acid (H_{3}PO_{3}), molten carbonate (CO_{3}^{2-}) or zirconia (ZrO_{2}). Each material has advantages, disadvantages and applications. The membrane in this kit is made of polymer because the temperature operation is from 20°C to 120ºC, other materials require higher temperatures.

When I was supplying the cell with batteries in the first part of the video, I was making this chemical reaction.

2H_{2}O\rightarrow 4H^+ + 2O^{2-}

4H^+ + 4e^- \rightarrow 2H_{2}

2O^{2-}\rightarrow O_{2} + 4e^-

2H_{2}O\rightarrow 2H_{2} + O_{2}

The bubbles which were going to the recipients were of hydrogen and oxygen gases.

[WPGP gif_id=”4441″ width=”600″]

When I supply the motor with the cell I make the inverse way, transformed the hydrogen and oxygen gases in water and electrical energy to supply the motor.

[WPGP gif_id=”4443″ width=”600″]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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About Pedro Ney Stroski

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