Aeronautics, Energy, History, Military, Museums, Visits

Visit to Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio (Part 2)

This is second part of Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio, are shown the exposition of inner part and an external area.

What is shown in this post isn’t all the exhibition. Clicking in following button will access the first part of Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio.

Part 1Click here

First exhibition of main building

In first section inside Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio, it is shown history of aeronautics and many ancient projects of flying objects and gliders in 1:10 scale. Some of models are exhibited in this post. Leonardo da Vinci’s parachute and helicopter respectively.

This is Passarola balloon, built by the Portuguese Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão in 1709.

Miller’s ornithopter, designed in 1843 by the British W. Miller. The ornithopter is a flying machine which flap wings like a bird.

The Belgian Vicente De Groof`s ornithopter. Was tested in 1874 and failed, killing De Groof.

The helicopter Vuitton number 2, built in 1887 by the French Vuitton.

Steam powered monoplane Éole of the French Clement Adler, built and tested in 1890. The first machine heavier than air to left soil by own means.

One of many gliders built by the German Otto Lilienthal in end of 19th century.

The Aerodrome A built by the American Samuel Pierpont Langley. Inspired in successful Aerodromes 5 and 6 without pilot. Was launched in 1903 and fell in Potomac river.

The number 6 airship of the Brazilian Santos Dumont. With this balloon, Santos Dumont turned around Eiffel Tower in 1901.

The Flyer of Wright brothers.

This was the first aircraft to fly in Chile, on August 21, 1910. The Voisin biplane imported from France, whose pilot was Cesar Copetta.

The Hindenburg airship, one of few models that aren`t in 1:10 scale.

Upper floor

In upper floor, it is told the history of aviation in Chile.

This is De Havilland DH.30 Gipsy Moth. Was the first airplane used by Línea Aérea Nacional, the first Chilean air company, today part of LATAM. Served as air post office.

  • Country: UK.
  • Manufacturing year: 1929.
  • Type: Trainer.
  • Length: 7.28 m.
  • Wingspan: 9.14 m.
  • Height: 2.68 m.
  • Empty and maximum takeoff weights: 417 and 748 kg respectively.
  • Maximum speed: 164 km/h.
  • Range: 515 km.
  • Altitude: 4400 m.

The engine Gipsy G-1 used in Gipsy Moth. Weights 130 kg, has 4 cylinders, was cooled by air, has 100 HP and 2000 rpm.

Bristol M1C’s skeleton to show monoplane’s control mechanism.

Main Hall

Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio has a main hall with many aircrafts. In this post is shown some of these planes. This is the floatplane Vought Sikorsky OS2U Kingfisher, designed in 1938. Was launched in catapults and could land on water with the floaters.

  • Origin country: USA.
  • Type: Observation and reconnaissance.
  • Construction year: 1941.
  • Engine: 1 450 HP radial Pratt & Whitney R-985 – AN 2 Wasp Junior.
  • Maximum speed: 275 km/h.
  • Crew: 2.
  • Weaponry: Machine guns .30 and .50 and 100 lb. bombs.

The glider Scheibe Specht, built by Scheibe-Flugzeugbau company. Fuselage is made of steel tubes coated with fabric and plywood.

  • Origin: West Germany.
  • Type: Training glider.
  • Manufacturing year: 1953.
  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h.

A Flyer replica.

  • Origin: USA.
  • Engine: 1 12 HP Wright.
  • Maximum speed: 48 km/h.

This is ENAER T-35-YBT “Pillán”, a genuinely Chilean airplane. ENAER appears in 1979 as ENA (Empresa Nacional de Aeronaves), in 1984 became ENAER.

  • Origin country: Chile.
  • Type: Primary training.
  • Construction year: 1981.
  • Engine: 1 300 HP Lycoming AE 10-540K1K5.
  • Maximum speed: 311 km/h.
  • Weight: 1317 kg.
  • Maximum altitude: 3500 m.
  • Crew: 2.

The turboprop ENAER T-35DT Turbo Pillán hit speed record in your category, reaching 382.5 km/h in 2000.

  • Origin: Chile.
  • Type: Training.
  • Construction year: 1986.
  • Engine: 420 SHP Allison 250 B-17 D.
  • Maximum speed: 380 km/h.
  • Crew: 2.

This is the glider Blanik L-13. Built by company LET and it is capable of acrobatic flights and high performance flights.

  • Origin: Czechoslovakia.
  • Type: Glider trainer.
  • Year: 1958.
  • Maximum speed: 240 km/h.

This is Fokker DR1, was the triplane of Manfred Von Richtofen, also known as Red Baron. Had great maneuverability.

  • Origin: Germany.
  • Production year: 1917.
  • Engine: 110 HP Oberursel U.R. II.
  • Empty weight: 406 kg.
  • Maximum speed: 165 km/h.
  • Altitude: 6095 m.
  • Range: 300 km.
  • Weapons: 2 7.92 mm Spandau LMG 08/15 machine guns.

The helicopter Aerospatiale SA 315B Lama was made to operate in Himalaia’s high heights. In 1972, the prototype hit altitude record of 12442 meters for helicopters.

  • Origin: France.
  • Engine: 870 CV Turboshaft Turbomeca Artouste IIIB.
  • Empty weight: 995 kg.
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 2200 kg.
  • Payload: 1000 kg.
  • Main rotor diameter: 11.02 m.
  • Back rotor diameter: 1.91 m.
  • Height: 3.09 m.
  • Cruise speed: 120 km/h.
  • Ascension speed: 250 m/min.

External area

Behind main hall of Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio, there is an open area where other aircrafts are exposed. This is the commercial airplane Fairchild/Fokker F-27. Was build by Fokker to replace Douglas DC-3. Fairchild got license to produce in USA.

  • Origin: Holland.
  • Maximum speed: 555 km/h.
  • Cruise speed: 483 km/h.
  • Range: 2930 km.
  • Altitude: 9000 m.
  • Capacity: 50 passengers.
  • Length: 23.50 m.
  • Wingspan: 29 m.
  • Height: 8.71 m.
  • Empty weight: 12148 kg.
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 20412 kg.
  • Engines: 2 2250 SHP Rolls Royce Dart 532-7 for F-27J and 2 2100 SHP Rolls Royce Dart 528 for F-27A.

F-27’s interior.

The twin turboprop Embraer EMB 110 CN Bandeirante was designed by French engineer Max Holste. The prototype flew for the first time in 1968 and production in series started in 1969 until 1990.

  • Origin country: Brazil.
  • Type: Light transport.
  • Year: 1976.
  • Engines: 2 750 SHP Pratt & Whitney Canada PT 6-34.
  • Cruise speed: 314 km/h.
  • Crew: 3 + 15 passengers, depends on configuration.

This is Dassault Mirage 50DCM “Pantera”, it is a upgraded version of Mirage 5 with a better engine and Agave radar.

  • Origin country: France.
  • Type: Operacional training.
  • Manufacturing year: 1980.
  • Engine: ATAR 9C with 4820 kg of thrust.
  • Operacional weight: 13700 kg.
  • Maximum speed: 2300 km/h.
  • Range: 1000 km.
  • Altitude: 18000 m.
  • Crew: 2.

The English Electric Canberra PR-9 was the first jet bomber of UK.

  • Country: UK.
  • Type: Reconnaissance.
  • Thrust: 2 turbojets Rolls Royce Avon MK 206 with 4990 kg of thrust.
  • Maximum speed: 871 km/h.
  • Altitude: 18288 m.
  • Crew: 2.

More photos from collection of Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio will be posted in image gallery.

About Pedro Ney Stroski

1 thought on “Visit to Museo Nacional Aeronautico y del Espacio (Part 2)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *